Mountain Jabal Abu Qubais is situated in Saudi Arabia is the first mountain that Allah created. The western wall of mount Abu Qubais faces the Holy Kaaba and is named “Fadih.” Jabal Abu Qubais is also called as “al-Amin,” meaning ‘trustworthy’ and a ‘safe keeper.’
Mount Abu Qubais is 420 metres high and is situated in the city of Makkah. According to several readings, Jabal Abu Qubais is also known “Magharat al-Kanz,” meaning the “Treasure Cave.” It is believed to be the mountain on which Adam (AS) lived and was buried after his death and the peak that witnessed the miracle of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as he detached the moon into two halves and re-joined them once again on the demand of the disbelievers of Makkah.
It is believed that this mountain is called Abu Qubais because, before coming of Islam era, a man named Qubais lived there and was the first person to build a home on the great mountain. Hence, people of Makkah started attributing to the mountain by this man’s name Abu Qubais.
Jabal Abu Qubais is one of the beloved sites that have witnessed some of the greatest and most miraculous events in the history of Islam. According to references in Islamic history, Jabal Abu Qubais is the first-ever mountain to be created by Allah.
It is the place where Allah ordered Adam (AS) to build the Holy Kaaba, and it is held that the father of all Prophets took the rocks from mount Abu Qubais to built the house of Allah. Moreover, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) stand on top of Jabal Abu Qubais to exhort, and it was from here that he discovered Hajar al Aswad.
After getting the prophethood, it was mount Abu Qubais where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stand to teach Islam publicly, and this place is also where he presented the miracle of splitting the moon in two parts while calling humankind to submit to Allah.
Moreover, after the victory of Makkah, Bilal (RA) recited adhan from atop Jabal Abu Qubais. It is also believed that the mountain had a small mosque on it named Bilal Mosque (Masjid e Bilal). Presently it is not there anymore. Today, the palace of the Saudi king is built on mount Abu Qubais.